Oil fell for a fourth day, extending losses from a five-year low amid speculation that U.S. crude inventories will stay at the highest level since June, offering no relief from a global glut.
Futures dropped as much as 1.2 percent in New York. Stockpiles in the U.S., the world’s largest oil consumer, are projected to remain at 387.2 million barrels last week, a Bloomberg News survey shows before government data tomorrow. Hedge funds pared bullish bets on Brent crude for the first time since before OPEC’s decision last month to maintain output quotas accelerated the market’s collapse.
Oil has slumped 46 percent this year, set for the biggest annual decline since 2008, as the highest U.S. production in more than three decades contributed to a global surplus estimated by Qatar at 2 million barrels a day. Saudi Arabia, which is steering the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries to resist cutting output, has said it’s confident that prices will rebound as economic growth boosts demand.
“The market’s oversupply isn’t an issue that could be solved in the short term,” Hong Sung Ki, a commodities analyst at Samsung Futures Inc. in Seoul, said by phone today. “Oil prices are suffering as OPEC members, led by Saudi Arabia, firmly hold on to their stance to maintain output.”
West Texas Intermediate for February delivery slid as much as 66 cents to $52.95 a barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange and was at $53.05 at 3:55 p.m. Singapore time. The contract decreased $1.12 to $53.61 yesterday, the lowest close since May 2009. The volume of all futures traded was about 17 percent below the 100-day average.
Brent for February settlement fell as much as 82 cents, or 1.4 percent, to $57.06 a barrel on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange. It dropped $1.57 to $57.88 yesterday. The European benchmark crude traded at a premium of $4.12 to WTI.
U.S. crude inventories have risen to almost 13 percent above the five-year average level of 343.1 million barrels for this time of year, according to the Energy Information Administration. Supplies were probably unchanged in the seven days ended Dec. 26, based on the median estimate in the Bloomberg survey of seven analysts before the EIA report. Stockpiles climbed 7.3 million the prior week.
Production expanded to 9.14 million through Dec. 12, the most in weekly data that started in January 1983, said the Energy Department’s statistical arm. The nation’s oil boom has been driven by a combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, which has unlocked supplies from shale formations.
U.S. production from fracking is flooding the market, Venezuela President Nicolas Maduro said in a speech broadcast on state television yesterday. The South American country had called for an output cut at OPEC’s Nov. 27 meeting in Vienna.
The 12-member group, which supplies about 40 percent of the world’s oil, pumped 30.56 million barrels a day in November, a separate Bloomberg survey of companies, producers and analysts shows. That exceeded its collective target of 30 million for a sixth straight month.
Money managers reduced their net-long positions on Brent by 15 percent to 112,886 contracts in the week to Dec. 23, according to ICE Futures Europe. Producers, consumers and end users also became more bearish in the period covered by the exchange’s Commitments of Traders report, increasing bets on falling prices by 5.8 percent to 337,270 contracts.