German unemployment has seen an increase of 196,000 in January (not seasonally adjusted), bringing the total number of unemployed to 2.406 million – the highest level since March last year but still significantly lower than in January last year. In seasonally-adjusted terms, unemployment dropped by 2,000, leaving the seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate unchanged at 5 percent. The number of vacancies continued the recent trend of decreasing, dropping to 757,700.
At the end of 2018, the German economy’s export data did very little to take away fears of a technical recession. Admittedly, in the first two months of the fourth quarter, only private consumption excelled. Still, private consumption, government expenditures and investments could prevent the economy from falling into a technical recession. Despite the latest drops, the absolute levels of the most prominent leading indicators still point to growth.
We have seen trade conflicts, a Chinese slowdown, problems in the automotive industry and Brexit take on markets. While the combination of the aforementioned factors brought the German economy close to a technical recession at the end of 2018, the labour market is still bursting with strength, with unemployment numbers at record lows and the number of vacancies and employment at record highs. Inflation is also low and nominal wages are higher. There is hardly any better insurance against recession fears.
In addition to, digging a bit deeper into recent labour market developments shows that the share of low-wage jobs in the labour market has dropped to the lowest level since 2004, some 23 percent. Also, while in 2004 only around 20 percent of the low-wage jobs were labelled as voluntary or part-time, this share has increased to more than 35 percent. This suggests that perhaps better paying jobs have been added to the economy, portending well for private consumption in the months ahead.
Much stronger economic slowdown needed to turn labour market
Looking ahead, some might argue that the labour market is a lagging and not a leading indicator and that the full impact of the recent economic slowdown and increased uncertainties has still to come. Indeed, the labour market is a lagging indicator. However, the reforms of the 2000s, as well as the strengthening of the domestic economy, seem to have made the labour market more resistant to external shocks. Interestingly, it would need a much stronger cooling of the economy to see the labour market turn. This is also reflected in the recent European Commission economic sentiment indicators, showing decreasing but still positive recruitment plans in both the manufacturing and services sector.
All in all, the German labour market remains an impressive engine for the entire economy, currently defying all external downside risks and uncertainties. At least for the time being, there is very little reason to see the last, rather stubborn, stronghold of the economy falling.
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