The Maltese workforce is multi-lingual as the compulsory education system in Malta requires a minimum of three languages being studied by the age of 16. English and Maltese are universally spoken and written as these are the official languages used in commerce and academia. The other more common languages in which Maltese are typically fluent (both writing and speaking) include Italian, German and French.

A key competitive element of the Maltese workforce is the high level of education as well as ongoing training in all sectors. The Maltese invest heaving in lifelong education and continuous learning both at tertiary educational levels as well as through participation of dedicated local and international courses. Many Maltese also train or study abroad. The highest educational institution of Malta, the University of Malta, dates back to 1592 and is one of the oldest in Europe. The University is structured to be in line with the Bologna process and the European Higher Education Area.

Malta also offers a competitive cost base structure for companies operating in Malta with relativley low unit labour costs compared with the average EU labour costs. Addtionally, the Maltese labour force is generally flexible and highly motivated. Malta also boasts of a high level of business services professionals in all areas including accountancy, law, management, finance, ICT and medicine.